The Growth of Nonpartisan Politics in Canada

Politics is a word used by many people, regardless of their educational background or gender. It is an essential part of American life. Even though it has never been popular among the masses, political parties continue to exist in various forms. In our modern era, politics has grown from being just an institution of the middle class to a social responsibility of every individual. Politicians who are elected from one of the two major parties in our country represent the will of the people. As such, they are generally elected because they have popular support within their districts.

Politics has evolved over time into what we see today. There has been a constant evolution towards more polarized parties and candidates. A consistent liberal/ Conservative divide has pervaded American politics since the election of our first president, George Washington. A strong majority of Americans fall into this progressive/ conservative category. A further division is between progressive Democrats and moderate Republicans. The polarization of our politics has been a gradual process that began after the election of our first black president and continues today.

Today we live in a political system where politicians are elected through a complex system of voting and party registration. At the same time, independent voters play an important role in ensuring that the representatives are voted in and out of office. Because of these two forces working together in our democratic form of government, politics has become polarized along party lines. A strong majority of citizens who identify as Republicans or Democrats fall into this political spectrum.

The reason for polarization in American politics is easy to see. The two major political parties each lean toward a distinctly different ideology. One party stands for fiscal responsibility and a smaller government with lower taxes while the other stands for smaller government with higher taxes and fewer social programs. One party is pro-life and opposes abortion rights and the other is pro-choice. These rigid ideologies have resulted in citizens of every political stripe having distinct political views.

A new study by the Pew Research Center draws attention to the changing political ideologies in America. The two most pronounced changes were seen among whites and rural residents. Among whites, there was a gradual move away from the traditionally right-wing Democratic Party and towards the center-right Republican Party. Conversely, over the last ten years, the number of rural residents who identified as Republicans has been growing at an even faster rate.

Another change in American politics has been seen among the religiously affiliated. While it was once the norm for most people to identify with a particular religious group, now over half of all adults say they are not affiliated with any religion. Among that group, an increasing number are considered to be unaffiliated or “unaffiliated” with both parties. This represents an important change in the makeup of our polity where in the past a person could be fairly sure which political party they would align their political beliefs with.

One of the greatest forces behind the growth of the “unified public opinion” over recent decades has been the growth of the “free market.” The advent of the regulatory state, sustained lower interest rates as a result of the global economic crisis, globalization, and technological advances all contributed to an environment that has caused markets to become less localized and more open to competition. As this process has expanded, political power has declined because the public has become more powerful and the political system has become less efficient. For instance, in the developed world there has been a tendency towards concentrated power within the political system. Because of this concentration of wealth and political power, corruption has flourished and policies have been ineffective in terms of providing services or goods that people need.

In contrast, a decade ago the opposite trend was apparent. Citizens supported a strong state to serve their needs but were unwilling to hand over their money to political parties because they felt that politicians are primarily there to serve themselves. They wanted an independent state to make better decisions regarding social welfare. While this may appear to be a simplistic observation, many of the issues facing Canada today are a product of this trend. Fortunately, the emergence of non-partisan politics has resulted in citizens accepting arguments from both sides of the spectrum and resulting in a vibrant and competitive economy.

Politics, Theory And Policing

Politics is a broad field of study that examines the institutions of politics and societal interaction. Politics is basically the arrangement of actions that are performed by powerful groups, including leaders, in response to changing conditions, such as those resulting from economic modernization or social changes. The field of politics is often viewed to include an ethical component. Politics, therefore, involves the practice of political behavior and is an attempt to understand political systems and institutions through the study of human actions and motivation. Politics is an important element in the study of society because it involves the allocation of scarce political resources.

There are two broad approaches to studying politics. The first is descriptive; that is, it attempts to discover politics’ effects on society by studying various aspects of politics in the context of particular societies. The second approach is interpretive; that is, it seeks to discover politics’ effects on society by studying the social relationships within a polity. One of the most influential practitioners of interpretive political sociology is Murray Rothman. His book, Human Political Parties, helped to develop the field of contemporary political sociology.

The focus of this book is on the relationship between politics and social policy-planning networks. Social policy-planning networks include groups like interest groups, civic organizations, and civic associations, as well as politicians and their supporters. Policy-planning networks emerged out of and connections among these groups. This book explores how these groups influenced each other’s decisions about politics and also how these connections relate to managerial power and the creation of political power.

Early in this book, we noted five broad categories of barriers to political participation. We identified three types: structural/institutional/identity barriers, institutional/identity barriers, and personal/identity barriers. Structural/institutional barriers include things like language, social awareness, education, representation, job qualities/abilities, and the like. Institutional/identity barriers include things like disability, ethnicity, or the like. Finally, personal/identity barriers include things like gender, ethnicity, nationality, and the like. These are described and suggested.

In the next chapter, we examine three examples of what we believe to be the major barriers to political participation. We will look at mass mobilization; party politics; national identity, national sentiment, and ethnicity; and political coalitions. Mass mobilization is described and offered examples of how people became politically active during major social policy crises. Party politics is looked at and then the relationship between parties and government officials is examined. National identity and national sentiment are discussed and then how these relate to government policies and the making of citizens.

The third chapter looks at the major theoretical contributions of political science and social science to politics. Comparative politics is discussed and then how this relates to politics. Alternative models of politics are also offered and then what they offer as alternatives to mainstream models are discussed. The focus is on issues that have been highlighted in introductory political science and social science texts.

This book is a very good primer on the political system and its institutions. It is also useful for those thinking about entering politics. It provides a clear account of the key themes and challenges facing contemporary political science and social science research. It is rich in case studies and methodology. It is designed to make the reader aware of the richness of research methods within the political science and sociology fields.

Political scientists, sociologists and other social scientists interested in politics have many things to gain from reading this book. It is written in an engaging and reader-friendly style. It uses three major theoretical frameworks: institutional, power/reign/ constituency, and participatory political science. It is comprehensive and very thorough. The student who is a political science major will benefit from having this book in their study of politics.